var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562226306'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='677px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); In 2019, an estimated 1,662,000 or 47% of the EU born were from EU-14 countries (Figure 4). This number also includes 320,000 Irish citizens. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018' and 'Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018: data tables'. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2019'. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562371870'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='577px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); EU immigration rose sharply in the years leading up to the EU referendum in June 2016, but has declined since 2016 – a pattern reflected in both the National Insurance Number (NINo) allocation data (Figure 8) and ONS data on long-term migration flows. For more information about the labour market position of EU-born workers, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Migrants in the UK Labour Market: An Overview. EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics to September 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2020 and Statistics relating to passenger arrivals since the COVID-19 outbreak, November 2020 published. For a discussion of this system, see our commentary, Q&A: The UK’s new points-based immigration system after Brexit. Updated 'Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019' and 'Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019: data tables' to second editions. As of 30 June 2020, the number of non-Irish EU-citizen applicants to the EU Settlement Scheme was 3.5m, which is more than the 3.4m non-Irish EU citizens that ONS estimated to be resident in the UK in 2019 (Office for National Statistics, 2020). NiNo statistics cannot be directly compared to estimates of long-term international migration (LTIM), primarily because they include short-term migrants, while LTIM statistics include only people intending to move into the UK for at least a year. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2020'. Added 'Migrant journey: fifth report', 'Migrant journey: fifth report: data tables' and 'Migrant journey: user guide'. Added 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2015' and 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2015: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. The different sources of data on migration and migrants in the UK are not always consistent with each other. Its response rate has declined over time, and is now below 50% (ONS, 2016); this means that people who are more likely not to respond to the survey may be under-counted. Added 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2015' and 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2015: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. Statistics on migration and border control from Home Office administrative systems (the Office for National Statistics also publishes statistics on migration at United Kingdom Population). On 1 January 2021, a new ‘Australian-style’ points-based immigration system will be introduced. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Statistics relating to passenger arrivals since the COVID-19 outbreak, November 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, September 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2020 second edition, Fifth report on statistics relating to exit checks, Statistics relating to passenger arrivals since the COVID-19 outbreak, August 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, June 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2020, Statistics relating to Covid-19 and the immigration system, May 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, February 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, January 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, November 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, October 2019, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, September 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, September 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, August 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, June 2019, Fourth report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, July 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, June 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019, Immigration Statistics, year ending December 2018, Immigration Statistics, year ending September 2018, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018, Third report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2016, Immigration statistics, October to December 2017 second edition, Immigration statistics, July to September 2017, Asylum claims on the basis of sexual orientation, Immigration statistics, April to June 2017, Second report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, January to March 2017, Immigration statistics, October to December 2016, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015, Immigration statistics, July to September 2016, Immigration statistics, April to June 2016, A report on the statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, January to March 2016, Immigration statistics, October to December 2015, Immigration statistics, July to September 2015, Immigration statistics, April to June 2015, Immigration statistics, January to March 2015, Immigration statistics, October to December 2014, Immigration statistics, July to September 2014, Immigration statistics, April to June 2014 second edition, Immigration statistics, January to March 2014, Immigration statistics, October to December 2013, Immigration statistics, July to September 2013, Immigration statistics, April to June 2013, Immigration statistics, July to September 2012, Immigration Statistics, January to March 2013, Immigration Statistics: October to December 2012, Foreign National Offenders in detention and leaving detention, Immigration statistics, April to June 2012 (third edition), Immigration statistics, January to March 2012, Immigration statistics October to December 2011, Immigration statistics July to September 2011, Immigration statistics April to June 2011, Immigration and asylum appeals allowed under articles 3 and 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary first quarter 2011, Certificates of sponsorship: Tier 2 (general), Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary fourth quarter 2010, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary third quarter 2010, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary second quarter 2010, Control of Immigration: statistics United Kingdom 2009, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary first quarter 2010, British Citizenship Statistics United Kingdom, 2009, British citizenship statistics United Kingdom, 2008, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending September 2020, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending June 2020, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending March 2020 second edition, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending December 2019, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending September 2019, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending June 2019 second edition, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending December 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2017: data tables second edition, Immigration Statistics, July to September 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, January to March 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2016: data tables, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, January to March 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2015: data tables, Migrant journey: sixth report: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2015: data tables, Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers, Immigration statistics, January to March 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2014: data tables, Migrant journey: fifth report: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2014: data tables, Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics: April to June 2014’, Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics, January to March 2014’, Tables for 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2013', Tables for 'Immigration statistics, July to September 2013', Tables for 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2013', Extensions of stay by previous category: tables, Tables for 'Immigration Statistics, January to March 2013', Tables for 'Immigration Statistics October to December 2012', Tables for 'Immigration Statistics, July to September 2012', Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics: April to June 2012’, Tables for 'Immigration statistics: January to March 2012', Tables for 'Immigration statistics: October to December 2011', Tables: immigration statistics, July to September 2011, Tables: Immigration Statistics April to June 2011, Immigration statistical summary 1999-2008, Home Office immigration statistics: user guide, Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline, Home Office EU Settlement Scheme statistics: user guide, Home Office statistics on exit checks: user guide, Glossary of terms: control of immigration statistical publications, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending December 2018' and 'Immigration statistics, year ending December 2018: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide'. You’ve accepted all cookies. European Union immigration statistics for 2000 was 29,602,637.00 , a 12.55% increase from 1995. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562310199'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='577px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); Compared to non-EU citizens, EU citizens are more likely to come to the UK for work. In that case, we assume that the differences we observe in the data are likely to exist in the population. This briefing provides key statistics on EU migrants and migration in the UK. Most of those workers (65%) reported coming to take up a definite job rather than to look for work. ... UK Govt Statistics Office Undercounted EU Migration by 240,000 498 PAUL FAITH/AFP/Getty Images. Thanks to Agnieszka Kubal and Will Somerville for helpful comments on an earlier version of this briefing; and to Mariña Fernandez-Reino for providing valuable feedback on this 2020 version. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, March 2020', updated 'Home Office EU Settlement Scheme statistics: user guide'. Key Points Net migration to the UK, the difference between immigration and emigration, was estimated to be 270,000 in 2019, down from a peak of 331,000 in the year ending March 2015. The most recent set of figurespublished cover the year to September 2018. Because the estimated emigration of EU citizens also increased, EU net migration fell more sharply – by 77% to 50,000 in 2019 (for more detailed data, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Net migration to the UK). There are various reasons for this, including differences in how data sources define migrants; known uncertainty in the estimates, which come with margins of error; and unknown sources of error, such as that arising from the fact that not everyone agrees to participate in official surveys. 26 November 2020. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019', 'Immigration statistics data tables, year ending June 2019', 'EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, June 2019', 'Fourth report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme' and 'Home Office EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics: user guide', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Home Office statistics on exit checks: user guide'. There were also increas… This is likely to lead to substantial changes in official migration data between now and 2023. Note that these figures have been revised on several occasions, most recently in August 2019, following improvements to the ONS methodology. This compares to 76% among the UK-born and 70% among the non-EU born. Added "EU Settlement Scheme statistics, June 2019". This is down from its peak of 922,000 in 2017 (in the same year, the number of Polish citizens in the UK was estimated at over a million). Immigration played a central role in the Brexit movement – the recent rise in immigration was one of the defining arguments that united anti-globalists, eurosceptics and nationalists to vote the UK out of the EU. Added 'Immigration Statistics, January to March 2017' and 'Immigration Statistics, January to March 2017: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. For further discussion of this terminology, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Who Counts as a Migrant: Definitions and their Consequences. It cautions that this estimate may still change as it continues to investigate the figures. Immigration from the EU had consistently increased from 2011 to 2015, in large part due to the arrival of Southern European and Romanian nationals. Added 'Statistics relating to Covid-19 and the immigration system, May 2020'. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. This is particularly the case for immigration, in the UK and elsewhere in Europe. Added 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2016', 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2016: data tables' and 'A report on the statistics being collected under the exit checks programme', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. Migration to the UK from outside the European Union hit record levels last year, according to official figures. Added 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2014' and 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2014: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide', 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline', 'Monthly asylum application tables' and 'Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers'. Meanwhile the number of EU citizens emigrating has increased from an estimated 95,000 in the year before the referendum to 145,000 now. In 2019, 48% of EU nationals in the UK said they migrated to the country for work-related reasons. Among the working-age EU population, 83% were in employment (Figure 7). 'Immigration statistics data tables, year ending March 2020' has been updated to second edition. Number of EU nationals in the United Kingdom 2019. Data, statistics and immigration . Updated 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, September 2019' to second edition. Added ‘Immigration statistics, October to December 2016’ and ‘Immigration statistics, October to December 2016: data tables’, updated ‘Home Office immigration statistics: user guide’. A person who applies for a NINo may already have been living in the UK for some time. This was followed by Romania (427,000), the Republic of Ireland (360,000), Germany (289,000), and Italy (233,000). We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. European Union immigration statistics for 2005 was 36,780,404.00, a 24.25% increase from 2000. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, March 2020'. Added 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2017', 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2017: data tables', 'Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2016' and 'Developments in migration statistics since 2010'. The 2018 level of 214,000 was made up of gross non-EU inflows of 325,000 and gross non-EU emigration of 111,000. Added ‘Migrant journey: 2018 report’, ’Migrant journey: 2018 report: data tables’, 'Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019' and 'Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019: data tables', and updated ‘Migrant journey user guide ’, 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and ’Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. The percentage of employed workers was slightly higher among workers born in EU-8 and EU-2 countries (84%) than among the EU-14-born (82%) (Figure 7). The APS has some important limitations. The end of free movement rights after the UK leaves the EU means that citizens of other EU countries will no longer be entitled to access the UK labour market or to be self-employed, except where UK immigration rules allow. The more than three million immigrants from the European Union now in Britain will be allowed to stay, while a visa scheme for fruit pickers and other farm workers will be … Since 1945, immigration to the United Kingdom under British nationality law has been significant, in particular from the Republic of Ireland and from the former British Empire especially India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, the Caribbean, South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya and Hong Kong. This means that the estimated 3.7 million EU citizens and their family members currently living in the UK will have to secure pre-settled or settled status if they would like to continue to stay in the country. EU migration has declined between 2016 and 2018, following peak levels of over 200,000 in 2015 and early 2016. Added ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015’ and ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015: data tables', ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: user guide’ replaces 'Migrant journey: user guide'. This briefing uses data from the Annual Population Survey (APS), which is a survey of private households in the UK. The ONS currently thinks EU net migration to the UK (the difference between the number who come and the number who leave) was about 35,000 a year higher than previously thought between 2009 and 2016. How many EU migrants are there in the UK? For example, from 2017 to 2019, the estimated number of EU-born residents as measured by the Annual Population Survey declined, while the International Passenger Survey (LTIM data) estimated that the net migration of EU citizens was still positive. For both EU and non-EU citizens, more people come to the UK than leave the UK, meaning both groups have contributed to the increase in net migration. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019', 'Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019: data tables' and 'Grenfell immigration policy statistics', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide'. EU vs non-EU migration statistics. However, for several nationalities there have been more applicants to the EUSS than the upper limit of ONS’s population estimate (Figure 3). Immigration to Europe has a long history, but increased substantially in the later 20th century. by The D May 13, 2018 September 25, 2018. The most recent data that this briefing presents is for 2019, which does not therefore show the impact of Covid-19 upon EU migration to and from the UK. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending September 2019', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide'. Excluding the estimated 320,000 Irish citizens living in the UK in 2019, there were an estimated 3.4m non-Irish EU citizens. In 2019, around 8% of all workers in the UK were born in an EU country. In 2019, 456,000 NINos were allocated to EU citizens, down 28% from 2015. EU immigration fell considerably during this time, from 304,000 to 199,000 per year, while emigration of EU citizens increased steadily from 86,000 to 151,000. This series brings together documents relating to migration statistics. The number of EU-born migrants estimated to be living in the UK increased steadily from 2004 to 2017 before levelling off (Figure 1). Updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide’, ’Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline' and ‘Developments in migration statistics since 2010’. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, September 2019'. Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, January 2020'. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. National Insurance Number (NINo) allocation data from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) provide information on people newly entering the labour market. Thereafter, EU citizens migrating to the UK will be subject to the same immigration rules as citizens from the rest of the world, and any person wishing to move to the UK for longer than six months will require a visa. This follows a gradual increase in immigration of non-EU citizens over the past five years for both work and study, particularly from India and China. Jonathan Portes / Apr 2017 . The number of people migrating to the UK has been greater than the number emigrating since 1994. Oxford, OX2 6QS, EU settled status applicants exceed official tally, Methods used to revise the national population estimates for mid-2002 to mid-2010, Note on the difference between National Insurance number registrations and the estimate of long-term international migration: 2016, Understanding different migration data sources: August 2019 progress report, Population of the UK by country of birth and nationality, January 2019 to December 2019. Added 'Immigration statistics, July to September 2017', 'Immigration Statistics, July to September 2017: data tables' and 'Asylum claims on the basis of sexual orientation', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. There were 189,459 work-related visas granted in the year ending September 2019, 11% higher than the previous year, and the highest level since the year ending March 2008, around the time when a new immigration system (also known as ‘the points-based system’ (PBS)) was first introduced. For example, Italian and Spanish workers alone represented 22% of new NINo allocations to EU workers in 2013, while 25% of new registrations of EU workers in 2014 were Romanian citizens. The Office for National Statistics admits it underestimated long-term EU immigration between 2009 and 2016 by almost a quarter of a million. Immigration to the UK … Peter William Walsh. 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eu immigration uk statistics 2021