• He gave his daughter Ammangadevi to the Vengi Chalukya prince and further continued the matrimonial alliance initiated by his father. UPSC has asked around 12-15 questions for history over the last 5 years on an average, which includes the art and culture component. • After the decline of the Sangam period, the Cholas became feudatories in Uraiyur. It had a separate flag with the figure of bull at the centre, and they enjoyed the right of issuing vira-sasanas. • The Cholas had an excellent system of administration. Jahrhunderts, das in seiner Glanzzeit von etwa 575 bis 897 eine bedeutende südindische Macht darstellte und auch im künstlerischen Bereich Bedeutendes hinterließ. • Another notable achievement of Pulakesin II was the defeat of Harshavardhana on the banks of the river Narmada. • The royal troops were called Kaikkolaperumpadai. • Another notable contribution made by the Cholas to temple architecture is the Siva temple at Gangaikondacholapuram built by Rajendra I. This is known as the Bakthi Movement. The Jain temple at Meguti. Many of the vaishnava alvars and saiva nayanars flourished during their rule. They composed their hymns in the Tamil language. • A young boy or girl would take out thirty names each for one ward. The present Pallava art and sculptures are dated back to the 610 AD to 690 AD. CSE Old Question Papers; eBook Store; Daily Answer Writing ; 50 Important Temples In India. • The Descent of the Ganges or the Penance of Arjuna is called a fresco painting in stone. However, some of the sects like Buddhism were losing their former glory to Saivism. Nov 17, 2020 - Pallava Dynasty Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Pallava Dynasty. Their rule continued till Tondaimandalam was captured and annexed by the Imperial Cholas in the beginning of the tenth century A.D. Rajendra defeated Mahipala I of Bengal. • Caste system was widely prevalent during the Chola period. • Arabian horses were imported in large numbers to strengthen the cavalry. ... Another King of Pallava Dynasty named Rajsimha (Narsimhamvaraman) was such a great lover of art that he used the title “Kalasamudra” for himself. • The river Tungabadhra was the northern boundary. • Another school opines that the Pallavas were a branch of the Brahmin royal dynasty of the Vakatakas of the Deccan, but again there is no direct evidence of any connection between the Vakatakas and the Pallavas. The Pallava dynasty existed between the 3rd and 9th centuries CE, ruling a portion of what is today Andra Pradesh (early Pallavas) and Tamil Nadu (later Pallavas). • By these conquests, the extent of the Chola empire under Rajaraja I included the Pandya, Chera and the Tondaimandalam regions of Tamil Nadu and the Gangavadi, Nolambapadi and the Telugu Choda territories in the Deccan and the northern part of Ceylon and the Maldive Islands beyond India. 2. • The Aihole inscription issued by him gives the details of his reign. • The Chola paintings were found on the walls of Narthamalai and Tanjore temples. • The Airavathesvara temple at Darasuram in Tanjore District and the Kampaharesvara temple at Tribhuvanam are examples of later Chola temples. Pallava Dynasty (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. Their rule continued till Tondaimandalam was captured and annexed by the Imperial Cholas in the beginning of the tenth century A.D. • According to one school, they were a branch of Parthians, but there is no evidence for the migration of the Parthians into the south. • He fought with the Kadambas of Banavasi and the Gangas of Mysore and established his suzerainty. The Pallavas introduced the art of excavating temples from the rock. Pallava Dynasty. History | 9-11 yrs | Animation, Video . • Vikramaditya 1 (644-81): After an occupation of about 12 years, he not only drove out the Pallava forces, but also consolidated the kingdom and plundered the Pallava capital, Kanchi, thus avenging his father’s defeat and death at the hands of the Pallavas. • There are ten temples here, four in the northern style and the remaining six in the Dravidian style. • The royal princes or officers were in charge of mandalams. Mahendravarman I Mathavilasa Prahasanam Sankaracharya in fact gave this stimulus to Vedic tradition.Tamil saints of the sixth and seventh centuries AD were the progenitors of the bhakti movement. • The land revenue department was known as puravuvarithinaikkalam. The merchants had to obtain license to market their goods. Fundamentally, Sankara’s Advaita or non-dualism had its roots in Vedanta or Upanishadic philosophy. Source: Tamil Nadu state board class 11, page 150. Pallavas {literally means a branch} were a prominent power in India for more than four centuries between the 6th and 9th centuries. • The Chola country was absorbed into the Pandya Empire. The Thevaram, composed by Appar (Thirunavukkarasar), Sambandar (Thirugnanasambandar) and Sundarar; and Thiruvavasagam by Manickavasagar are prominent texts which are read as sacred literature to this day. About Prelims Marathon  – In this initiative, we post 10 high-quality MCQs daily. • The last nail in the coffin was driven by Aditya Chola by defeating Aparajita Pallava towards the end of the ninth century AD. It was built by one of the queens of Vikramaditya II. • The Cholas maintained a regular standing army consisting of elephants, cavalry, infantry and navy. Huchimalligudi temple. The Pallavas were great conquerors and patrons of art and architecture. Rajaraja gave his daughter Kundavai in marriage to Vimaladitya. Contents. Hence, the Chalukyas resorted to frequent invasions and plunder of the neighbouring territories. Two extraordinary works in Sanskrit set the standard for Sanskrit literature in the south: Bharavi’s Kiratarjuniya and Dandin’s Dashakumaracharita. Pallava rule lasted till 9th century A.D. Aparajita was the last Pallava ruler was defeated by Aditya I of Chola dynasty. In his second battle with Pallava King Narsimhavarman II, he was defeated near Kanchi. It has hereditary. • The Ghatika at Kanchi was popular and it attracted students from all parts of India and abroad. • He is considered the first important Pallava ruler, though Pallavas existed even during the time of Samudragupta’s invasion of south India. • The caste system became rigid. • Quite a few Brahmanical treatises were also composed during this period. The Pallavas laid the foundation of the great temple architecture in South India. • The third school maintains that it was an indigenous dynasty and rose to power after the dismemberment of the lkshvaku kingdom. Tempel Varaha Mantapa ist nur wenige Minuten entfernt. The Brahmin status greatly enhanced during this reign. The kings claimed their descent from the God Brahma. • The Virupaksha temple is built on the model of the Kailasanatha temple at Kanchipuram. Mamallapuram and the Pallava dynasty are also historically relevant, for the earliest recorded security pact between China and India (in the early 8 th century) that involved a Pallava king (Rajasimhan, or Narasimha Varma II), from whom the Chinese sought help to counter Tibet. Mahendravarman I composed Mathavilasa Prahasanam in Sanskrit. The walls of the Chola temples such as the Tanjore and Gangaikondacholapuram temples contain numerous icons of large size with fine execution. Mahasandhi-vigrahika Minister of Foreign Affairs • Within this there was a personal troop to defend the king known as Velaikkarar. A friend, philosopher and guide to Civil Services aspirants…. – Rajaraja’s last military achievement was a naval expedition against the Maldive Islands which were conquered. The main reason being lack of quality study materials which explain the same in simple language. • The development of temple architecture under the Pallavas can be seen in four stages. • On the death of Kirtivarman, his brother Mangalesa became the regent, since his son, Pulakesin II was a minor. He defeated the Pandyas and the ruler of Ceylon. • The number of committees and ward members varied from village to village. • The hymns and sermons of the Nayanars (Saivite saints) and Alvars (Vaishnavite saints) continued the tradition of bhakti. • The Chola Empire was divided into mandalams and each mandalam into valanadus and nadus. • There was elaborate administrative machinery comprising various officials called perundanam and sirudanam. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 6 times. • He had to face the invading forces of Vikramaditya I, but finally succeeded in defeating and driving them back after repeated efforts. • The Cholas also made rich contributions to the art of sculpture. • Parantaka I was a great builder of temples. Sankara looked upon Saiva and Vaishnava worship as two equally important aspects of the Vedic religion. • Besides the Pallavas, the Western Chalukyas and the Rashtrakutas in the Deccan constitute important political forces. The Badami of Chalukya dynasty did fall after the death of Pulakeshin II due to internal feuds. The way for the present Pallava art or dancing girls attached to Vedic tradition.Tamil saints of the army... Copper coins were issued in plenty at various denominations • According to them village was into! Some historians say they are a good literary source for the spread these! 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