More than three fifths of the elderly population of Ireland, the Netherlands and Portugal were vaccinated against influenza, the highest proportions among the EU Member States. Blacks and American Indian/Alaska Natives have the highest current asthma rates compared to other races and ethnicities. In 14 of the 23 EU Member States for which data are available (no comparison for Bulgaria, Cyprus, Austria and Poland) there was a higher share of the elderly vaccinated against influenza in 2018 than there was in 2013, while in the remainder the share was higher in 2013. The lung diseases can be mild or severe. Number of emergency department visits with emphysema and other chronic obstructive... Mortality. Aside from these two Member States, the average length of a hospital stay due to a disease of the respiratory system was similar to the average for all diseases, either shorter or longer by at most 1.5 days. The EU-27’s standardised death rate for diseases of the respiratory system was 75.0 deaths per 100 000 inhabitants in 2016; the death rate for men was 2.0 times as high as that for women. Air pollution is a major respiratory health issue: activities involving the burning of fossil fuels, such as some industrial activities, power generation, vehicle emissions and household heating/cooking, as well as natural phenomena (such as volcanic eruptions or dust storms) have the potential to cause respiratory diseases. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. In the past, doctors were more likely to tell their patients that they had chronic bronchitis or emphysema than to use the more general term COPD, which encompasses a fuller range of chronic obstructive lung diseases.Both emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the two most common types of COPD. 915.09 kB. Summary of Methods - Respiratory Diseases. By far the highest number of in-patient days was spent in German hospitals (24.2 % of the EU total; 2017 data), while Italy (13.2 %), France (11.4 %) and Spain (10.5 %) were the only other EU Member States to record double-digit shares. Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airways characterised by reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm that causes coughing, wheezing, chest tightness or a shortness of breath. Among the EU Member States there are a range of different policies with respect to making vaccines available to the general public— often they are specifically targeted at groups of older people. Webannex Admissions. 187.86 kB. About 65 million people suffer from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 3 million die from it each year, making it the third leading cause of death worldwide. 1 Cancer (908) 2 Heart Disease (799) 3 Unintentional Injury (427) 4 Chronic Lower Resp. Facts about smoking and respiratory diseases According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diseases caused by smoking kill more than 480,000 people in the U.S. each year. Standardised death rates for men were higher than those for women in 2017 in each of the EU Member States; this may, at least in part, be attributed to different smoking habits between the sexes or to occupational risks (for example, more men work(ed) in extractive industries such as coal mining). If you are interested to know more about the lung diseases, you need to study pulmonology. Emergency department visits. Related Chapters. This series of fact sheets provides a resource for beef cattle producers to learn about the different risk factors that might contribute towards an increased incidence of BRD. The length of hospital stays for in-patients with diseases of the respiratory system was generally close to the average for all types of disease. This situation was repeated in 2017 across most of the EU Member States and the difference was most pronounced in Lithuania, Romania (where the gender gap was 2.2 percentage points), Spain (2.1 points) and Latvia (1.9 points). Most sources of outdoor air pollution are beyond the control of individuals and demand action by urban, national or international policymakers. In Latvia and France, the average length of a hospital stay for those treated for a disease of the respiratory system was 2.3 days less than the average for all diseases, while it was 1.9 days shorter in Estonia and 1.7 days shorter in Luxembourg. Women reported such an illness, compared with 4.1 % of lung cancer and COPD deaths other... Death and respiratory disease statistics in the right corner of the total number of deaths diseases. A particular cause of death adult population reported that they had chronic lower respiratory diseases lower Resp that there a! 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