The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. Between 1835 and 1845, about 15,000 Voortrekkers (people of Dutch extract) moved out of the (British) Cape Colony across the Gariep (Orange) River into the interior of South Africa. Many trekkers owned slaves, and the trekkers formed “commando” units for military defense—and aggression—against native Africans. The Dutch built the Castle of Good Hope and completed it in 1679. The British had chronic difficulties procuring enough labour to build towns and develop new farms. Second, the point is not to condemn the present Dutch nation for the sins of the past, as if these were unique world historical events. The Suez Canal did not exist at that time so the only way to India by ship was around the Cape. Ongoing conflict between the English and the Afrikaners in the region led to the South African War (Boer War) at the end of the turn of the 20th century, which I will not detail here. British colonial rule was often just as brutal towards native Africans as the Dutch had been, especially in military conflicts. Also significant for South Africa’s subsequent history is the fact that the white colonial settlement had sharp “gradations of status and wealth,” as historian Leonard Thompson puts it. 136,000 South African troops fought in the Middle East and on the Western Front. The history of almost all powerful nations contain major crimes and injustices (including of course the United States). The Cape became a vital base for Britain prior to the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, and the Cape’s economy was meshed with that of Britain. The Dutch in South Africa, to 1774. Meanwhile, back in Cape Town, a slave society continued to develop—almost two-thirds of Cape Town residents in 1795 were slaves. The colonization of South Africa took place in the early 1800s by the British. The Dutch colonised the Cape to establish a way-station on their route to the lucrative trade in India. The original trekkers had set out with the stated aim of preserving "proper relations between master and servant." You've helped me understand a bit more. At the end of the 15th Century the Portuguese sailed past the Cape of Good Hope. 1652 - The Dutch East India Company establishes the Dutch Cape Colony. We can't do this without you. South African Language: ENGLISH. Instead, I want to suggest three things. When the latter started to invade the southern parts of Africa (which they called the Cape), the Khoi-Khoi settlements were already ... parts of South Africa and by 1500 they expanded more southwards and eastwards in the country (Giliomee & Mbenga 2007:30). I have been reading Nelson Mandela's biography, "The Long Walk to Freedom", and only through it realized that the racism we suffer in the United States is a world-wide plague. Additional 19th century settlers are being added. When Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, both countries tried to capture the Cape so as to control the important sea route to the East. A ban in 1809 on Africans crossing into the Cape aggravated the labour shortage, and so the British, like the Dutch before them, made the Khoe serfs through the Caledon (1809) and Cradock (1812) codes. The building blocks of this identity were a new and distinct language (Afrikaans) and much myth-making regarding the exploits of the trekkers. de Jong. During this first period of British rule, South-East Africa became the main source of slaves. When the discovery of diamonds and gold in the southern African interior in the late 19th century began transforming the country economically, the system of racial segregation was well-entrenched, and the mines were organized on the same principle. Because an insufficient labour force still existed, Anglo-Boer armies (supported by Khoe, Tembu, Gcaleka, and Mpondo auxiliaries) acquired their own workers by attacking the Ngwane east of the Great Kei at Mbolompo in August 1828. These colonialists of Dutch descent had an increasingly marginal relationship with Cape Town, much less Holland itself and the intellectual and political developments of 18th-century Europe. The Dutch settlement history in South Africa began in March 1647 with the shipwreck of the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem. The Great Trek . In 1895, the British South Africa Company hired the American scout Frederick Russell Burnham to look for minerals and ways to improve river navigation in the central and southern Africa region. the Dutch in the south of the continent. In 1867, diamonds were found in the town of Kimberley. Nor could the VOC use the Khoi people as slaves. They brought a lot of order through their administration. However, a republican movement led by J. The Dutch then set about systematically attacking and undermining Portuguese forts in West Africa and across the Atlantic in Brazil in a sustained campaign that went on for decades. Citation Information It was initially meant to be a small port town for ships traveling to India, but eventually became a full settlement. A chronology of key events in the history of South Africa from 4th-century migrations to the present day. ... Jun 2013 6,445 USA Jul 8, 2015 #1 What if the British never kept South Africa and it remained Dutch? A virtual freehold system of landownership gradually replaced the existing Dutch tenant system, under which European colonists had paid a small annual fee to the government but had not acquired land ownership. After Britain began appointing colonial governors, an advisory council for the governor was established in 1825, which was upgraded to a legislative council in 1834 with a few … The key point is there is direct historic continuity between the original Dutch settlements and the emergence of an Afrikaner national identity predicated on racial domination, and the subsequent adoption of the policies and ideologies of Apartheid. The British attempted to force the Boers to change their way of life. Early Dutch trading posts were attacked and destroyed by the Portuguese and so these were upgraded to full blown forts. 3.When South Africa was imperialized by Great Britian most of South Africa' s resources, land, and industries were controlled by Great Britian. 1497 - Vasco da Gama rounds the tip of South Africa on his way to India. Territory is returned to the Dutch in 1803; ceded to the British in 1806. 1795 - The British occupy the Cape Colony after the Battle of Muizenberg. The colonial history of South Africa began with 9 employees of the VOC establishing themselves below the slopes of Table Mountain in 1657. 19th Century British Library Newspapers Contains full runs of 48 newspapers specially selected by the British Library. An attack by the Rharhabe-Xhosa on Graham’s Town (Grahamstown) in 1819 provided the pretext for the annexation of more African territory, to the Keiskamma River. WeisSaul. 17 Nov. 2016. The British colonial secretary, Lord Glenelg, who disapproved of D’Urban’s policy, halted the seizure of all African land east of the Great Kei. 1850-1890 Passengers arriving in South African Ports- by the The Genealogical Society of South Africa It all started on 6 April 1652, when the Dutch seafarer Jan van Riebeeck arrived in Table Bay with his three ships. British colonial rule was often just as brutal towards native Africans as the Dutch had been, especially in military conflicts. 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