Most medical terms consist of three basic components: the root word (the base of the term), prefixes (in front of the root word), and suffixes (at the end of the root word). INSTRUMENT for visual examination of internal structures, lens and light. Medical Terminology For Dummies Beverley Henderson. before or in the front of; in anatomical nomenclature, refers…. Endocrine: Take endo and add it to the Greek krinein, which means “to separate.”. Artificial opening (mouth) into the COLON, Abnormality, irregularity present at birth, Reason AGAINST something; not advisable or should not be done, CRANIUM or skull; pertaining to CRANIUM or skull. air, gas. Axill/o (AK-si-l/o), Axilla; AxillaRy (AK-si-lar-e), UNDERARM (armpit); pertaining to Underarm/ armpit, Back divisions: Sacral (relating to the Sacrum bone), Back divisions: Coccygeal (relating to the Coccyx). Duct connects ovary to uterus, fertilized egg passes through. Pertaining to the NAVAL, belly button, umbilicus. Suffixes indicate medical … several SYMPTOMS typical of a particular disease or condition. Medical Terminology. For example, the word “neuroblastoma” can be broken down this way: “Neuro” - … EXCESSIVE sugar in the blood, high blood sugar. Basic structural unit of organisms, smallest unit of life. Visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity, Inflammation of INTESTINE (especially the small intestine). FEELING (mental state); to bear, carry, experience. Medical terminology is a lot like learning a new language. See also our post on Medical Abbreviations and Anatomy and Physiology Questions. AbdominoPelvic cavity/ Peritoneal cavity (list 4 major organs). Cocci (berry shapted bacteria) growing in PAIRS. Tap again to see term . Medical Terminology for Health Professionals Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free Medical terminology chapter 1 test quizlet. Physician who studies and treats tumors and cancer. Equality of parts on opposite sides/ nonequality of parts. DNA within each chromosome, determine traits. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Abnormal condition of kidney, deterioration. Test: Chapter 1- Introduction to Medical Terminology | Quizlet 6/9/20, 4:59 PROCESS of recording electrical activity inside brain. Puncture abdomen to obtain fluid for culture or to relieve pressure. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; … Mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, & pancreas. Click card to see definition . Start studying Week 7 medical terms. Flat shaped pad of CARTILAGE between vertebrae; intervertebral disk. RECORD of electrical activity of the myocardium (heart muscle), INSTRUMENT records electrical activity inside brain. the thickest part of the skin on the hands and feet. Chemical in chromosomes, directs cell activity. FAT COLLECT in VESSEL(artery) and HARDENS. Development of DISEASE or abnormal condition. Thoracic cavity (location and 5 structures) (tho-RAS-ik), CLOT cell, clotting blood platelet; clumping, Inflammation of a VEIN associated with a CLOT formation, Surgical puncture of area btwen CHEST & LUNGS with needle to obtain fluid from pleural cavity. Pertaining to TREATMENT of CHILDren (under 12). Pertaining to between vertebrae, backbones. Right Upper quadrant (RUQ), left Upper quadrant (LUQ), Right Lower quadrant (RLQ), Left Lower quadrant (LLQ). Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Muscular tube, connects mouth to stomach; INNER swallowing tube. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. Urinary or Excretory System (4 structures), Kidneys, ureters (tubes from kidneys to bladder), urinary bladder, urethra (tube from bladder to outside body). BREATHING. Distance across a circle through its center. Inflammation of the liver caused by virus or toxin. Fun. Makes proteins for cells, attached to endoplasmic reticulum. Master today's medical … Artificial body part, a substitute for a diseased or missing body part. Malignant tumor of SPINAL CORD/ Bone Marrow cells, cancerous. Show off the strength of your medical vocabulary with this 10-question quiz of medical terms every EMT should know Bone tissue protects the spinal cord and supports the head and body; consists of 26 vertebrae. Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions, h listing. Unspecialized immature cells that undergo metamorphosis to become specialized mature cells. Study of blood, blood forming tissues, and blood diseases. Tap card to see definition . Temp or permanent loss of movement, -plegia. all terms this year Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Before, forward, toward, in addition to, fronting. Tap again to see term . Destruction; separation; dissolve; breakdown; Feeling of DISCOMFORT, uneasiness, or queasiness, Cancerous, tumor GROWS and SPREADS to new locations. Granular leukocyte (WBC), fights infection by engulfing & destroying bacteria. Quiz: Test your knowledge of medical terminology. 16. Pertaining to middle upper region above the stomach, Adrenal medulla secretes ADRENALINE in response to stress, EpiThelial Cell and EpiThelial Tissue (description & function), layer of skin cells forming outer and inner surfaces of body. Start learning today with flashcards, games and learning tools — all for free. PREFIX... indicating posterior, situated behind, toward the back. Everyone who has contact with the medical world will be exposed to medical terminology. INCISION, cutting into CRANIUIM/skull to access brain. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. COCCYX (tailbone) {kok-siks}; pertaining to the coccyx. BEHIND the peritoneum (membranes that line abdominal wall), BURST forth, break, flow profusely, HEMORRHAGE. Combining parts into a whole, make or buildup. How to Study Anatomy and Physiology PUBIS, pubic genital region (anterior part of pelvic bone). V shaped bones formed from 5 vertebrea, Area between hip, state of, condition (diagnosis, prognosis). Study State the Terminology for the Following Root, Prefixes & Suffixes Flashcards Flashcards at ProProfs - Can you state the following terminology for the following root prefixes and suffixes? Breakdown, destruction of red blood cells releases Hemoglobin. Give it a try and have fun! There's a Medical Terminology quiz for everyone. Transformation or dramatic CHANGE, mutation. (Pertaining to) Newborn timeperiod, birth to 28 days. TOXIN, foreign substance that induces an immune response in the body. New growth of abnormal tissue, benign or malignant, Physician SPECIALIZING in Kidney diseases (Nephropathy), Study of structure, function, and diseases of kidneys. Quizlet makes simple learning tools that let you study anything Medical terminology exam quizlet. Click again to see term . ParaThyroid glands (location and function). Medical Terminology- Word Building Reference. DUCT/TUBE leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body through which urine is discharged. The prefix comes at the start of the word, while suffix comes at the end of the word. Surgical puncture to remove fluid from abdomen or peritonel cavities. The centermost abdominal region, includes the umbilicus (navel, belly button structure). Test your knowledge in medical terminology by answering these questions. PHOTO of chromosome pairs of a cell arranged by size, shape, & number. Tap card to see definition . Surgical transplant of the cornea. URETHRA (tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body). clotted BLEEDing outside of vessel, BRUISE; collection of blood. Connection, junction between two pubic bones, Person produces x-ray images for use in diagnosing medical problems, Study of X rays and radioactive substances, & uses in diagnosis and treatment of diseases, Treatment with high-dose radiation to destroy malignant cells in body, DNA patched together from different organisms to produce a certain trait, Improvement or absence of signs of disease. PROTIEN in red blood cells, carries oxygen to cells. Suffixes and prefixes are commonly called affixes. (Nuclear structures absorb COLOR). Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus (womb), vagina and mammary glands. When combined, you can define a specific medical term. production of gas in the tissues or organs of the body, Alveol as a cavity means the same thing as a cavity in a tooth, transparent part covering the eyeball, covers iris and pupil by admitting light to the interior, swelling by fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body, wrapping/covering membrane of the brain and spinal cord, name of the membranous cover of the abdominal organs, breaking down of sugars into simpler compounds, surgical procedure cutting a split into an abscess, overgrowth (excessive growth) of the horny layer of the skin, the way energy is made available for use in the body, two bones that form the side walls of the cranium, any cell that ingests microorganisms or other cells and foreign particles, a deposit of material on the surface of a tooth, temporary loss of breathing especially during sleep, an agent such as a drug that calms or reduces excitement, wall that separates chest cavity and abdominal cavity. Muscular partition separating thorax from abdomen; role in breathing, as its contraction increases the volume of the thorax and so inflates the lungs. Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Below abdomen; Intestines, Rectum, Urinary Bladder & Reproductive organs. Hemolytic Disease of the newborn or Erythroblastosis fetalis. Growth & Spread of cancer cells beyond original site, device produces magnified images of structures too small to see with unaided eye. Gas creates space, used during removal or repair of: appendix, gallbladder, adrenal gland, spleen, or ovary (tubal ligation). 17. To CUT, incision (process of cutting into), -coccus (singular suffix) -cocci (plural). Deficiency of neutrophils (type of white blood cells). Frequent discharge of watery, liquid stool (no breakdown). Because doctors are familiar with all medical terms, at times, they may not realize when a patient is unfamiliar with a particular term that they are using. disease. Autoimmune disorder caused by hyperthyroidism, characterized by goiter (abn enlgmt of Thyroid) and/or exophthalmos (bulging of eye). Professor). Endocrine gland surrounds trachea in neck, TONSILS (lymphoid tissue- help FILTER entrance to respiratory system). RIGHT & LEFT regions of abdomen groin area; Someone who cannot sleep; fall asleep and stay asleep. ABNORMAL, difficult, painful, faulty, severe, EXCISION, surgical removal by cutting OUT, Implantation of embryonic egg outside uterus, commonly in uterine tubes. NERVE, nerve tissue (carries/ conducts electrical impulses), Pertaining or relating to a nerve or the nervous system. the basement membrane. Abnormal disruption of connection between nerve and muscle. production of gas in the … Provide energy for the cell, use nutrients and oxygen to release energy. CREATION, production of new blood VESSELS (cirrculate blood AWAY from heart). skin. Fatty plaque, gruellike or pastylike substance. Medical prefixes and suffixes. Diplococci invades reproductive organs causing GONORRHEA. FARTHER from the center/origin of a body part or point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk. Surgical instrument used to hold or grasp items, also STOPS blood. Language of Medicine: Chapters 1, 2, 3 & 4. Most medical suffixes are Greek and Latin, but some such as -ic are from the English language and thus very familiar to us. Gigantism and Acromegaly (results from...). Acetabulum. Process of cutting into; cut made to get inside something. Start studying Medical Terminology Abbreviations. Medical terminology chapter 1 test quizlet e … X-RAY of the breast, helps detect cancer. Medical Terminology: The Best and Most Effective Way to Memorize, Pronounce and Understand Medical Terms: Second Edition David Andersson. CEREBRUM largest part of the BRAIN (Cerbral), Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules & contain the GENES. 4. Pus-forming bacteria that grow in CLUSTERS (grapelike). Leukocytes, a type of Granulocyte (dark granules) stained RED. 1. in quadripeds, pertaining to or located at or toward the re…. INCISION into trachea to restore airflow to the lungs, also remove blockage or obtain biopsy specimen. Both Abdominal and Pelvic cavities, not separate. Click again to see term . Scraping away of the skin or mucous membrane by friction. Dys-: Abnormal, difficult, or painful. Stomach, liver, gallbladder & intestines housed there. View Test: Chapter 1- Introduction to Medical Terminology | Quizlet.pdf from PSYC 2301 at Houston Community College. Destroys foreign cells by making antibodies. -rrhage,-rrhagia. Controls the operations of the cell (division), structure, & function; DNA. Gland that SECRETIONS through tube-like structures called DUCTs to outside of body. Play Medical Terminology quizzes on Sporcle, the world's largest quiz community. Click again to see term . Machine removes waste products from BLOOD, renal/kidney failure. Medical Terminology Quiz on Suffixes. It is used to precisely describe the human body components, processes, illnesses, medical procedures, and pharmacology. Ultrasound (SOUND waves) of deep organs or tissue structures. Click card to see definition . 7,076 Cards – 65 Decks – 655 Learners Sample Decks: Prefixes, Combining Forms: A - L, Combining Forms: M - Z Show Class Medical Terminology. Paperback. Surgical excision & removal of the breast, Connective tissue disorder marked by tall, thin body, ENLONGATED head and heart, Centrally, MIDLINE located space between lungs. Bluish discoloration of the skin. Examination of a corpse, postmortem, to determine cause of death. It is essential for every medical practitioner to know most of the terminologies that are used in hospitals. Slimy fluid SUBSTANCE secreted by MUCOUS membranes. Click card to see definition . Heart, blood vessels (arteries, veins, and capillaries), lymphatic vessels and nodes, spleen, thymus gland. But fair warning, it may be harder than you think! Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the URINARY SYSTEM. Process of viewing, examining or inspecting. Rh- mothers antibodies attack and destroy embryo's Rh+ RBC, embryo attempts to compensate for loss by making many new immature RBC called Erythroblasts. Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. CLUSTERS, grapelike; bacteria in clusters. 1. Greek pan means “all,” and krea means “flesh.”. Lymphoid tissue in THROAT; trap germs entering mouth. TRANSPORTATION system of cell, MOVES materials in cell. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. Large protiens made from small protiens. Basic Medical Terminology I. Inflammation of the tympanic membrane. TRANSFERRING blood from one person to another, Pertaining to ACROSS or through the LIVER, TransUrethral Resection of Prostate gland (TURP), Portion of prostate gland removed with Rectoscope instrument passes through urethra, treats BPH, Horizontal cross-section, divides into upper and lower. Urinary DUCT/TUBE leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder, carries urine. Scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Painful inflammation and stiffness of joints. Antigen-antibody condition, develops when difference in Rh blood factor between mother (Rh negative) and fetus (Rh positive). Depression on the abdomen marking site of entry of umbilical cord; navel, belly button. Medical Dictionary is intended for use by healthcare consumers, students, and professionals as well as anyone who wants to keep up with the burgeoning array of terminology found in today’s medical news. Tap card to see definition . A-, an-: Lack of or without. the largest organ of the body. CLOSER to origin or point of attachment of a body part/ limb to the body trunk. Surgically create an new, permanent OPENING mouth, Deficiency, abnormal reduction of ALL blood cells. Medical suffixes are attached at the end of a medical word root to change its meaning. Also, test your knowledge in anatomy and physiology. Protien acts AGAINST specific antigen (toxin or foreign substance). 3. It is intended for fun only so do not treat the result too seriously :) They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils. 2. If you struggle with grammar, these flashcards can help. Word building reference and Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix. -ectomy: Surgical removal of something. Physician specializing in the TREATMENT of babies and children, Pelvic cavity (location and 4 structure/organs). Internal ORGANS; tissue combine to form ORGANS. Testes and associated tubes, urethra, penis, prostate gland. Abnormal protrusion of eyeball, bulging eye. Visual examination of urinary BLADDER using a cystoscope. Tap card to see definition . This test is not based on any scientific study whatsoever. Persisting over time, long-standing, constant; opposite of acute. Medical Terms/ Prefix & Suffix. Surrounds, PROTECTS cell, and REGULATES what passes in & out. Long and slender and contains fibers that aid in CONTRATING and RELAXING of INVOLUNTARY muscles (heart, digestion). Multilayered membrane AROUND abdominal cavity, protects and holds organs in place. It is always difficult—even for the Doctors and other allied medical professionals —to try to remember all the terms. VERTEBRAE (26 small bones make up backbone, spine), Pertaining to spinal column, vertebrae (backbone), Viscer/o, Viscera/o; Viscus (singular), Viscera (plural). When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). Letter A. aerosis. Neutrophil (a white blood cell), digests invading bacteria, purple color. Medical Terminology. RECORD of electrical activity of the brain. Objective vs Subjective; Examiner's findings vs patient perception, Any cells in the BODY other than reproductive cells, IMAGE of fetus formed using reflected SOUND waves, ultrasound. Harmless pathogen antigens stimulates host's immune system (WBC) to make antibodies (defenses against the pathogen), Pertaining to the belly side, ANTERIOR, front, Radiographic imaging of a VIEN/ X-ray IMAGE of vien. $18.99. Drooping, sagging, falling; Prolapse, downward displacement. TUMOR, mass, swelling, collection of fluid. ONE large NUCLEOUS and only a few granules in their cytoplasm. Study of diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders, Physician who studies and treats diseases of the eye, Instrument used to examine the interior of the eye. Instrument used for listening to internal body SOUNDS. (inner) MEMBRANE lining of heart cavities, Physician who studies and treats diseases of endocrine system. Nervous tissue within spinal cavity transmit most messages between the body and brain. Indication of a problem, presence of disease. bursting forth , bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge. MEMBRANES that protect and surround brain and spinal cord. NEAR, beside, alongside of, resembling, beyond, apart from, and abnormal. Increase during healing phase of inflammation. Quia Web allows users to create and share online educational activities in dozens of subjects, including Medical Terminology. Berry-shapped bacterium in twisted chains. 1. higher than; situated above something else.... 2. better than…. Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the NOSE. Double-layered connective membrane tissue covers and nourishes the BONE. White blood cell destroys pathogens by engulfing/INGESTing them & breaking down, Incision of VEIN to diminish blood supply. Growth, development, formation; to grow, nurture, Cell fragment released by bone marrow, helps formation of blood CLOTTING, Double-layered membrane surrounding lungs; pertaining to, Space between folds of pleura (surrounding each lung), PAIN in the pleura (membrane surrounding each lung), Diplococci that causes bacterial pneumonia, Condition of Bacterial Infection of lungs, Another name for neutrophils (type of white blood cell), Examination AFTER death, to determine cause of death; an autopsy, EXAMINATION of rectum and anus with proctoscope. Autopsy, examination of a body after DEATH. OphthalmOlogist (of-thal-MOL-o-jist) Physician who studies … One who does, that which does something (Ex. Inflammation of urinary BLADDER, caused by infection. RIGHT and LEFT Upper regions, beneath RIBS, MIDDLE Lower region, below UMBILICAL REGION, Right and Left Middle regions, near WAIST, NOT NORMAL, not usual, not typical; strange, -ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -iac, -ic, -ical, -eal, -ose, -ous, -tic, SUDDEN SEVERE onset, relatively short duration. close RELATIONSHIP between species that BENEFITS at least one of the species. Lack of blood supply/ flow to an organ/tissue. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. Group of leukocytes w/ granules in their cytoplasm: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils. Do you want to test out which basic medic terminologies you are yet to hear so far? Overproduction of PITUITARY growth hormone. CHEMICAL kills bacteria or slows AGAINST their growth without harming body cells. RIGHT & LEFT upper epigastric regions, beneath ribs, Pertaining to; one who suffers/ afflicted with, referring to Physician, or Medical TREATMENT, Produced by a physician (unexpected results from a treatment prescribed by a physician), ILIUM (upper part of pelvic bone); pertaing to ilium. Answer these questions about medical terminology, and find out if all of your hard work has been paying off. inflammation of SPINAL CORD or bone marrow, Malignant tumor of SPINAL CORD or bone marrow, MALIGNANT tumor of muscle tissue, cancerous. Ophthalm/o (structure) (of-thal-MOL-o-) Eye or eyeball. posterior. Physician who studies and treats diseases of women's reproductive system. Or bone marrow, Malignant tumor medical terms quizlet spinal CORD/ bone marrow, tumor! The Greek krinein, which means “ all, ” and krea means “ flesh. ” (. To 28 days forward, toward the back destroy antigens fluid for culture or to pressure. All blood cells the center/origin of a medical word root to change meaning! 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