A part of the Alpine-Himalayan Mountain range, Turkey has… Seljuk Turks migrated from the Central Asia to the west. The first recorded name the Greeks used for the Anatolian peninsula, though not particularly popular at the time, was Ἀσία (Asía),[22] perhaps from an Akkadian expression for the "sunrise", or possibly echoing the name of the Assuwa league in western Anatolia. There is a diverse number of plant and animal communities. Rising from all four directions, mountains encircle the peninsula of Anatolia. Turkey is geographically divided by 7 regions. Tripartite Agreement between the British Empire, France, and Italy respecting Anatolia. The Hattians were an indigenous people, whose main center was the city of Hattush. [37] The general consensus amongst scholars is that Luwian was spoken across a large area of western Anatolia, including (possibly) Wilusa (Troy), the Seha River Land (to be identified with the Hermos and/or Kaikos valley), and the kingdom of Mira-Kuwaliya with its core territory of the Maeander valley. Alexander the Great crossed through the Anatolia on the way to Persia and Asia. In the following century, the Byzantines managed to reassert their control in western and northern Anatolia. Mount Ararat is located in this area. 5 out of 5 stars (1,136) 1,136 reviews. For other uses, see, "Asian Turkey" redirects here. This unique location makes Istanbul the heart of Eurasia. Following the Russo-Persian Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) and the incorporation of Eastern Armenia into the Russian Empire, another migration involved the large Armenian population of Anatolia, which recorded significant migration rates from Western Armenia (Eastern Anatolia) toward the Russian Empire, especially toward its newly established Armenian provinces. In this regard do I need a licence to use the content on your website, such as maps. Thus (land of the) Rûm became another name for Anatolia. In the Late Bronze Age, Hittite New Kingdom (c. 1650 BC) was founded, becoming an empire in the 14th century BC after the conquest of Kizzuwatna in the south-east and the defeat of the Assuwa league in western Anatolia. English: Maps of ancient Anatolia. By the Peace of Antalcidas (387 BC), which ended the Corinthian War, Persia regained control over Ionia.[49][50]. the Eastern Roman Empire") was understood as another name for the province by the invading Seljuq Turks, who founded a Sultanate of Rûm in 1077. This theme is called Anatolikón or Theme of the Anatolics, not because it is above and in the direction of the east where the sun rises, but because it lies to the East of Byzantium and Europe.". Akat, Uücel, Neşe Özgünel, and Aynur Durukan. In Cappadocia (Central Anatolia, Turkey, Fig. The Cimmerians overran Phrygia and the Scythians threatened to do the same to Urartu and Lydia, before both were finally checked by the Assyrians. Constantinople and Anatolia became the heartland of the growing empire in the 6th century. Anatolia[a] is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. Tripartite Agreement between the British Empire, France, and Italy respecting Anatolia. Aegean and Mediterranean regions with mild Mediterranean climate. When the Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476 A.D. Eastern Roman Empire became the only super-state of late antiquity. It is characterized by a network of independent city-states cantered on fortified towns and dominated by palaces and temples. Many of the peaks are extinct volcanoes that have been active in the recent past, … The map of image 6.2 shows the topography of the region, where Anatolia refers to “Asia Minor”, and the territory to its east is named the “Armenian Highlands” or … BC. Literary evidence about the rural landscape stems from the hagiographies of 6th century Nicholas of Sion and 7th century Theodore of Sykeon. [64] It is not well understood how the Osmanlı, or Ottoman Turks, came to dominate their neighbours, as the history of medieval Anatolia is still little known. [34] Much of the history of the Hittite Empire concerned war with the rival empires of Egypt, Assyria and the Mitanni. Of the remainder, most have left Turkey since then, leaving fewer than 5,000 Greeks in Anatolia today. I wish you a nice holiday in Istanbul! Smyrna fell in 1330, and the last Byzantine stronghold in Anatolia, Philadelphia, fell in 1390. Anatolia remained multi-ethnic until the early 20th century (see the rise of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire). km with 97% of this area located in Asia and the rest in Europe. Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Empire. Further annexations by Rome, in particular of the Kingdom of Pontus by Pompey, brought all of Anatolia under Roman control, except for the eastern frontier with the Parthian Empire, which remained unstable for centuries, causing a series of wars, culminating in the Roman-Parthian Wars. [40] Languages spoken included the late surviving Anatolic languages Isaurian[41] and Pisidian, Greek in Western and coastal regions, Phrygian spoken until the 7th century AD,[42] local variants of Thracian in the Northwest, the Galatian variant of Gaulish in Galatia until the 6th century AD,[43][44][45] Cappadocian[46] and Armenian in the East, and Kartvelian languages in the Northeast. [2] To the southeast, it is bounded by the ranges that separate it from the Orontes valley in Syria and the Mesopotamian plain. Your email address will not be published. [54], In 1255, the Mongols swept through eastern and central Anatolia, and would remain until 1335. Choose from country, region or world atlas maps. 2007. Anatolia is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. According to Wikipedia, the term "Anatolia" covers most of modern Turkey, with 97 per cent of Turkey's area located in Anatolia. 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