1720, and its neighbouring territories, among others the ducal Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel). Free Shipping. The King's German Legion (KGL) was a British Army unit of mostly expatriate German personnel during the period 1803–16. [2] However, Hanover remained a separately ruled territory with its own governmental bodies, and the country had to sign a treaty with Great Britain whenever Hanoverian troops fought on the British side of a war. However, men were drafted in order to recruit the 16,000 Hanoverian soldiers fighting in the Low Countries under British command against France. On 6 August 1806 the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, thereby abolishing the function of prince-electors electing its emperors. After the victory at Waterloo, the Electorate of Hanover was re-founded as the Kingdom of Hanover. In 1692, Emperor Leopold I elevated Duke Ernest Augustus of the Brunswick-Lüneburg line of Calenberg, to the rank of prince-elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. [1] However, internally, it remained a separately ruled territory with its own government and bodies. In contemporary usage, the name is only used for the city; most of the historical territory of … In 1700 the territories forming the electorate introduced – like all Protestant territories of imperial immediacy – the Improved Calendar, as it was called by Protestants, in order not to mention the name of Pope Gregory XIII. It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg). The King's German Legion (KGL) was a British Army unit of mostly expatriate German personnel during the period 1803–16. During the War of the Second Coalition against France (1799–1802) Napoléon Bonaparte urged Brandenburg-Prussia to occupy the continental British dominions. Further included were the earlier acquired counties of Diepholz and Hoya. In an attempt to assert the Continental System, the French Empire annexed in late 1810 all the continental North Sea coast (as far as Denmark) and the areas along the sections of the rivers navigable for seagoing vessels, including Bremen-Verden and Saxe-Lauenburg and some adjacent territories of Hanover proper. Sketch map of the Electorate, ca. In an attempt to assert the Continental System the French Empire annexed in late 1810 all the continental North Sea coast (up till Denmark) and the areas along the sections of the rivers navigable for seagoing vessels, including Bremen-Verden and Saxe-Lauenburg and some adjacent territories of Hanover proper. Beside the Principality of Calenberg it also included the former princely lands of Göttingen and Grubenhagen as well as the territory of the former County of Hoya. The Electorate of Hanover (German: Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover) was an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, located in northwestern Germany and taking its name from the capital city of Hanover.It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg).For most of its existence, the electorate was ruled in … The Electorate of Hanover (formally the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg; German: Kurfürstentum Braunschweig und Lüneburg, colloquially Kurfürstentum Hannover or simply Kurhannover) was the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. Soon later the French also occupied Saxe-Lauenburg. $24.00. In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. Kurfürstentum Hannover, Kurfürstentum Braunschweig-Lüneburg ) became the ninth Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire in 1692, when the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I , elevated Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance . The War of the First Coalition against France (1792–1797) with Great Britain-Hanover and other war allies forming the coalition, did not affect Hanoverian territory, since the first French Republic was fighting on several fronts, even on its own territory. More info. In 1714, George Louis became king of Great Britain, so that the electorate and Great Britain were ruled in personal union. The House of Hanover, whose members are known as Hanoverians is a German royal house that ruled Hanover, Great Britain, and Ireland at various times during the 17th to 20th centuries. Register Military. After it had turned against France, it was defeated in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt (11 November 1806), and France recaptured Hanover. The Privy Council of Hanover maintained its own separate diplomatic service, which maintained links to countries such as Austria and Prussia, with whom the United Kingdom itself was technically at war. At the Convention of Klosterzeventhe Duke of Cumberlandagreed to disband his army and acknowledge the French occupation of the Electorate. In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, elevated George's son, Duke Ernest Augustus to the rank of Elector of the Empire as a reward for aid given in the War of the Grand Alliance. In the following year the British army, supported by troops from Brandenburg-Prussia, Hesse-Kassel and the ducal Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel) again expelled the occupants. Throughout the Napoleonic era Britain and Hanover had the same head of state, George III. At both feoffments George II Augustus swore that he would respect the existing privileges and constitutions of the estates in Bremen-Verden and in Hadeln, thus confirming 400-year-old traditions of estate participation in government. Soon afterwards the French also occupied Saxe-Lauenburg. Merged into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia in 1807, it was re-established as the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814, and the personal union with the British crown lasted until 1837.[3]. During the Napoléonic Wars, the Electorate of Hanover had been temporaly occupied by Prussians and French. It was formally known as the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In 1700, the territories forming the electorate introduced, like all other Protestant territories of imperial immediacy, the Improved Calendar, as the Gregorian calendar was called by Protestants to avoid mentioning the name of Pope Gregory XIII. Hello from the Electorate of Hanover Hello from the Electorate of Hanover. Hanover remained unaffected for the rest of the war. The possessions of the electors in Germany also grew, as they de facto purchased the formerly Swedish-held duchies of Bremen and Verden in 1719. In 1715 he purchased the Duchies of Bremen-Verden from King Frederick IV of Denmark (confirmed by the 1719 Treaty of Stockholm), whereby his former landlocked electorate gained access to the North Sea. The Electorate was legally bound to be indivisible: it could add to its territory, but not alienate territory or be split up among several heirs – as used to be the rule before, having led at times to a multitude of Brunswick-Lüneburgian principalities. Buy State of the Demands of the Inhabitants of the Electorate of Hanover, Upon the Crown of Great Britain, for Deliveries of Provisions, Forage, Made, and ... to the British Combined Army, in the Years by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. Direct contact with the electorate was maintained through the office of the German Chancery, situated in St James's Palace in London. The other, the new Electorate, was based on the dynastic line of the Calenberg. French control lasted until October 1813, when the territory was overrun by Russian troops, and the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig later the same month spelled the definitive end to the Napoleonic client state of Westphalia, as well as the entire Confederation of the Rhine, after which the rule of the House of Hanover was restored. Sunday, 18 February (Old Style) was thus followed by Monday, 1 March (New Style). In order to fight against Napoléon and for the freedom of their own country, Hanoverian went - illegally - to Britain. Popular pages. Fast and free shipping free … As part of the German Mediatisation of 25 February 1803, the Electorate received the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück in real union, whose every second ruler had been alternately members of the House of Hanover since 1662. After the SYW, the colour patterns of the uniforms were changed as well as the structure of regiments. Calenberg's capital Hanover became colloquially eponymous for the electorate; however, officially it used the name of the entire ducal dynasty. Frete GRÁTIS em milhares de produtos com o Amazon Prime. The Legion achieved the distinction of being the only German force to fight without interruption against the French during the Napoleonic Wars.. During the Anglo-French and Indian War (1754–1763) in the North American colonies, Britain feared a French invasion in Hanover. The Legion was formed within months of the dissolution of the Electorate of Hanover in 1. In Hanover, the capital of the Electorate, the Privy Council of Hanover (electoral government) installed a new ministry in charge of the Imperial Estates ruled by the Electors in personal union. This collection also includes records from the army of the Electorate of Hanover and from the Hanoverian field regiments of the Prussian army. [1], The Prince-Elector of Hanover became King of Great Britain in 1714. In 1692, the Holy Roman Emperor elevated the Prince of Calenberg to the College of Electors, creating the new Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In autumn 1805, at the beginning of the War of the Third Coalition against France (1805–6), the French occupational troops left Hanover in a campaign against Austria. Thus the title of Elector of Brandenburg became meaningless for the Kingdom of Prussia. century, whenever war was declared between Great Britain and France, the French army invaded or threatened to invade Hanover, forcing Great Britain to intervene diplomatically and militarily to defend the Electorate. The Principality of Calenberg, ruled by a cadet branch of the family, emerged as the largest and most powerful of the Brunswick-Lüneburg states. In Hanover, the electoral capital, the Privy Council of Hanover (electoral government) installed a new ministry in charge of the Imperial Estates ruled by the electors in personal union. gave him land in exchange for a pledge of service), with the reverted fief of Saxe-Lauenburg, which had de facto been ruled in personal union with Hanover and with one of its preceding Principality of Lüneburg since 1689. To this end Hanover also had to provide troops for the so-called demarcation army maintaining the armed neutrality.[5]. What you can find in the records. Parish records primarily contain information about births and baptisms, marriages, and deaths and burials. In 1806, George III of Great Britain even declared war on Prussia after King Frederic William III, under heavy pressure from Napoleon, had annexed George III's German possessions. The Invasion of Hanover took place in 1757 during the Seven Years' War when a French army under Louis Charles César Le Tellier, duc d'Estrées advanced into the Electorate of Hanover and neighbouring German states following the Battle of Hastenbeck. 30 Day Replacement Guarantee. After 1705, only two of these territories left: One was the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, which remained independent as the Duchy of Brunswick (new title adopted in 1815) until 1918. Became King of the United Kingdom (by way of the act of union with Ireland) in 1801. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Legion was the only German army to fight continually during the whole Napoléonic wars against the French. It was a monarchy in Northern Germany, ruled by the House of Hanover, cadet branch of the House of Welf, which then ruled and earlier had ruled a number of principalities, which had several times been partitioned among several heirs from an earlier unitary territory named Brunswick-Lüneburg after the pertaining cities of Braunschweig (Brunswick) and Lüneburg (Lunenburg). Its succession was to follow male primogeniture. Since 1714 Britain and the Electorate of Hanover had shared a single monarch. George II formed an alliance with his Brandenburg-Prussian cousin Frederick II, "the Great" combining the North American conflict with the Brandenburg-Prusso–Austrian Third Silesian or Seven Years' War (1756–1763). The War of the First Coalition against France (1793–97) with Great Britain-Hanover and other war allies forming the coalition, didn't affect Hanoverian territory, since the first French Republic was fighting on several fronts, even on its own territory. Buy State of the demands of the inhabitants of the electorate of Hanover, upon the crown of Great Britain, for deliveries of provisions, forage, made, ... to the British combined army, in the years by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. The Privy Council of Hanover maintained its own separate diplomatic service, which maintained links with countries such as Austria and Prussia, with whom the United Kingdom itself was technically at war. As part of the German Mediatisation of 25 February 1803, the Electorate received the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück in real union, whose every second ruler had been alternately staffed by members of the House of Hanover since 1662. In April 1801 the Brandenburg-Prussian troops arrived in Bremen-Verden's capital Stade and stayed there until October of the same year. However the Electors spent most of their time in England. It took George II Augustus until 1733 to get Charles VI to also enfeoff him with the Duchy of Bremen and the Principality of Verden, colloquially called Duchies of Bremen-Verden. The Kingdom of Hanover maintains a military, consisting of the Army (Armee), Navy (Marine), and Air Force (Luftstreitkräfte), along with a Home Guard (Landwehr), which total some 34,700 personnel as of January 2017.The armed forces were founded in 1955 when Hanover and West Germany were militarized in order to assist other NATO countries in deterring the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. The Electorate of Hanover Army, 1705-1803 Troops in Bishopric of Hildesheim and the Areas of Prussia Ceded in 1815 to Hanover, 1521-1815 Hanoverians in Foreign Service, 1803-1816 The Army of the Kingdom of Hanover 1813–1866 The Hanover Units in the X Prussian Army Corps Troops From Various Territories, 1567–1848 Annotated Bibliography Index of Places, People, and Troops. After Britain – this time without any allies – had declared war on France (18 May 1803), French troops invaded Hanover on 26 May. He was born in Hamelin in the Electorate of Hanover and died in Silesia. In 1816 the Legion was dissolved and some officers and men were integrated into the new Hanoverian army. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Front Rank Hanoverian General.. in the uniform of IR von Sporcken. century, whenever war was declared between Great Britain and France, the French army invaded or threatened to invade Hanover, forcing Great Britain to intervene diplomatically and militarily to defend the Electorate. Fast and free shipping free returns cash on delivery available on eligible purchase. In 1806, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Principality of Brunswick and Lunenburg (Wolfenbüttel), War of the First Coalition against France, War of the Second Coalition against France, War of the Third Coalition against France, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Electorate_of_Hanover&oldid=991133083, 1692 establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Articles needing additional references from September 2013, All articles needing additional references, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2015, Lower Saxony articles missing geocoordinate data, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 12:48. Family that ruled from 1714 to 1901, more formally, the Electors spent most of own! 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