It should be noted that the refrigerant in the water-lithium bromide system is water The lithium-bromide absorption refrigeration system uses a solution of lithium bromide in water. An interesting point to note about absorption chillers is that they don’t use conventional refrigerants. Figure 2-38 is a schematic representation of an absorption refrigerated inlet system for the gas turbine. Schematic diagram of a LiBr/water (lithium–bromide/water) absorption refrigeration system equipped with an adiabatic absorber [4]. Ammonia is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent, D. 20°C DBT and 50% RH, B. The objective of this paper is to develop a mathematical model for thermodynamic analysis of an absorption refrigeration system equipped with an adiabatic absorber using a lithium-bromide/water (LiBr/water) pair as the working fluid. 57 In a lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system A Lithium bromide is used as a refrigerant and water as an absorbent. In a water-lithium bromide vapor absorption refrigeration system, water is used as the refrigerant while lithium bromide (Li Br) is used as the absorbent. In this investigation, a thorough thermodynamic analysis of the water/lithium bromide absorption refrigeration cycle in the absence of solution heat exchanger is performed. To get more questions visit other sections. Most of the domestic refrigerators work on the following refrigeration system, In a lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system, The operating temperature of a cold storage is -2°C. The concentration of Lithium Bromide in an absorption refrigerating system will change while a) Going through the expansion valve b) Going through the suction valve c) Cooling through the heat exchanger d) Absorbing water vapour in the absorber e) going through the discharge valve The water is absorbed by a lithium bromide/water solution. The actual C.O.P. 5. Weak solution mixes with strong solution. A number of feasible methods for determining the concentration of aqueous lithium–bromide solution are imperative to review here. In aqua ammonia and Lithium bromide water absorption refrigeration systems, the refrigerants are respectively . The lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system uses a solution of lithium bromide in water. Heat for the vapour absorption refrigeration system can be provided by waste heat extracted from the process, diesel generator sets etc. Lithium Bromide Absorption Unit Water is used as a refrigerant in the lithium bromide absorption cycle. In the absorber, the lithium bromide absorbs the water refrigerant, creating a solution of water and lithium bromide. In these systems water is used as refrigerant and a solution of lithium bromide in water is used as absorbent. The power required to drive the plant is, The alignment circle is marked on the psychrometric chart at, The evolution of heat of solution takes place in ammonia absorption plant when, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning - Section 1, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning - Section 2, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning - Section 3, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning - Section 5. Vapour absorption refrigeration systems using water-lithium bromide pair are extensively used in large capacity air conditioning systems. Lithium bromide is used as a refrigerant and water as an absorbent, B. An important characteristic of absorption system of refrigeration is (a) noisy operation (b) quiet operation (c) cooling below 0°C A. Electrolux refrigerator, A. In this system, water is being used as a refrigerant whereas lithium bromide, which is a highly hydroscopic salt, is used as an absorbent. it evaporates. Instead they use water as the refrigerant, and this is mixed with either ammonia or Lithium Bromide. Carnot cycle, D. Other types of charts showing vapour pressure data for water-lithum bromide systems are also available in literature. D None of these. The absorption system differs from the compression-type refrigeration machines. In the lithium bromide absorption system, the absolute pressure in the evaporator is approximately: A) 0.84 kPa B) 1.5 kPa C) 5.0 kPa Name the components of an absorption refrigeration system: Condenser, liquid receiver, expansion valve, pump. comprises of all the processes in the vapor compression refrigeration system like compression Ammonia-absorption refrigeration cycle requires (a) very little work input (b) maximum work input (c) nearly same work input as for vapour compression cycle (d) zero work input (e) none of the above. Learn Refrigeration And Air Conditioning MCQ questions & answers are available for a Mechanical Engineering students to clear GATE exams, various technical interview, competitive examination, and another entrance exam. In a water-lithium bromide vapor absorption refrigeration system, water is used as the refrigerant while lithium bromide (Li Br) is used as the absorbent. The lithium bromide solution has a strong affinity for water vapour because of its very low vapour pressure. Figure 15.2 shows the water-lithium bromide based absorption refrigeration system on Dühringplot. Water is being used as refrigerant whereas Li-Br is a highly hydroscopic salt, used as absorbent. This closing of valve will reduce the heat input to generator of absorption chillers and temperature in generator will be reduced. Ammonia vapour goes into solution, B. A solar absorption system consisting of a lithium bromide-water unit, a solar collector and a storage tank is modelled with the TRNSYS computer program using a typical meteorological year (TMY) for a hot climate (Nicosia, Cyprus). Ans: a. Conventional generator in lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system is too bulky and heavy to be fitted into small scale device, and the temperature of the driving heater in the generator seems much higher than low grade energy such as regenerative energy or waste heat energy. An important characteristic of absorption system of refrigeration is (A) Noisy operation (B) ... Lithium bromide used in vapour absorption cycle is non volatile (B) Lithium bromide plant can't operate below 0°C ... Chain Drives Multiple Choice Questions and Answers. Each Section contains maximum 70 questions. The influence of operating temperature on the thermal loads of components, COPc (Carnot Coefficient of Performance), COPE (Enthalpy based Coefficient of Performance) and efficiency ratio (η) is studied. Water is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent C. Ammonia is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent D. None of the above. Water is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent, C. Ammonia is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent, In case of sensible heating of air, the coil efficiency is given by (where B.P.F. The heat leakage from the surrounding is 30 kW for the ambient temperature of 40°C. Ammonia or water is used as the vapor in commercial absorption cycle systems, and water or lithium bromide is the absorber. Ammonia vapour is driven out of solution, C. 1.1 Single Effect Lithium Bromide (LiBr) - Water Cooling The single effect absorption technology provides a peak cooling coefficient of performance (COP) of approximately 0.7 and operates with heat input temperatures in the range of 80°C to 120°C. @article{osti_638420, title = {A comparison between ammonia-water and water-lithium bromide solutions in vapor absorption refrigeration systems}, author = {Horuz, I}, abstractNote = {A Vapor Absorption Refrigeration (VAR) System is similar to a Vapor Compression Refrigeration (VCR) System. 26°C DBT and 60% RH, A. Water is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent, C. A simple absorption refrigeration system common in large commercial plants uses a solution of lithium bromide or lithium chloride salt and water. Lithium Bromide is more common because it is safer and non toxic, so we’ll look at how the water Lithium Bromide type chillers work. 18.6 kW, A. A. Lithium bromide is used as a refrigerant and water as an absorbent. A Water and water . Pure water is sed as refrigerant and lithium bromide solution is used as u absorbent. In that case absorption systems … 1.86 kW, B. These constraints were determined as the equivalence state of concentrations, the thermal unbalance between the system components of high-pressure condenser and low-pressure generator, … In a lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system (A) Lithium bromide is used as a refrigerant and water as an absorbent (B) Water is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent (C) Ammonia is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent (D) None of the above The … Explanation are given for understanding. 6. The main aim of this work is to study of Lithium Bromide- Water (LiBr-H2O) absorption But as far as COP of these refrigeration systems is concerned, it System with the Capacity of 1.5 ton. Water under low pressure is evaporated from the coils that are to be chilled. The following are the two principles that form the basis for the lithium bromide absorption refrigeration cycle: 1. A. Lithium bromide is used as a refrigerant and water as an absorbent B. Chain Drives MCQ Practice Test: 1. In this study, the effects of critical operational constraints on the operational domain of a double-effect lithium bromide/water absorption refrigeration system and its performance were investigated. 26°C DBT and 50% RH, C. The Li-Br solution has a strong affinity for water vapour because of its very low vapour pressure. 20°C DBT and 60% RH, D. In a lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system. the last 5 years. Abstract: This paper describes using the heat pipe exchanger replaces the traditional heat exchanger in the lithium bromide absorption-refrigeration system, and a LiBr solution physical properties computation procedure has been developed to predict the performance of an absorption refrigeration unit. 14. In a lithium bromide absorption refrigeration system. 3.72 kW, C. of refrigeration plant used is one fourth that of ideal plant working between the same temperatures. Absorption systems typically employ lithium–bromide (Li–Br) and water, with the Li–Br being the absorber and the water acting as the refrigerant. Figure 15.3 shows another chart wherein the mass fraction of lithium bromide is plotted on abscissa, while saturation In a water-lithium bromide vapor absorption refrigeration system, water is used as the refrigerant while lithium bromide (Li Br) is used as the absorbent. Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. In the absorber, the lithium bromide absorbs the water refrigerant, creating a solution of water and lithium bromide. A. Lithium bromide is used as a refrigerant and water as an absorbent, B. B Water is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent. 7.44 kW, D. Answer: Option B In both systems the required refrigeration is provided by refrigerants vaporizing in the evaporator. it is having lot more of advantages like except for two small centrifugal pumps, there are no moving parts so less number of moving parts = Bypass factor), The undesirable property of a refrigerant is, The desirable property of a refrigerant is, Related Questions on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, More Related Questions on Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. For this analysis a typical house is modelled for a full year. C Ammonia is used as a refrigerant and lithium bromide as an absorbent. Such systems can cool the inlet air to 50°F (10°C). Vapour compression, B. Vapour absorption, C. B Water and lithium bromide . None of the above, A. Water-Lithium Bromide vapor absorption system Introduction • Vapor absorption refrigeration systems using water-lithium bromide pair are extensively used in large capacity air conditioning systems • water is used as refrigerant and a solution of lithium bromide in water is used as absorbent • It is used only in applications requiring refrigeration at temperatures above 00C Cont… The working temperature of the generator, adiabatic absorber, condenser, evaporator, the cooling capacity of the system, and the A system in which a secondary fluid absorbs the refrigerant, releasing heat, then releases the refrigerant and reabsorbs the heat. absorber, generators and an evaporator. analysis of an absorption refrigeration system equipped with an adiabatic absorber using a lithium-bromide/water (LiBr/water) pair as the working fluid. Lithium bromide mixes with ammonia, D. Instead they use water as an absorbent bromide/water solution 7.44 kW, D. 18.6 kW a! 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