There are also appointed individuals working at various levels, including locally and internationally, which perform the function of propagating the teachings and protecting the community. [83] In the current plan, the House of Justice encourages the Baháʼís around the world to focus on capacity building through children's classes, junior youth groups, devotional gatherings, and study circles. The teachings of Baháʼu'lláh form the foundation of Baháʼí belief. Religion is thus seen as orderly, unified, and progressive from age to age. The payments go to the, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 18:24. [43] Through recognition and obedience, service to humanity and regular prayer and spiritual practice, the Baháʼí writings state that the soul becomes closer to God, the spiritual ideal in Baháʼí belief. Baháʼu'lláh and ʻAbdu'l-Bahá established rules and institutions for an authoritative line of succession of leadership, in order to maintain unity and prevent schism. Two of these houses of worship are national while the other three are going to be local temples. The most severe persecutions have occurred in Iran, where more than 200 Baháʼís were executed between 1978 and 1998. [24] Three principles are central to these teachings: the unity of God, the unity of religion, and the unity of humanity. Islam and Christianity are false interpretations and extensions of Judaism. Such expulsions are administered by the National Spiritual Assembly and do not involve shunning. [147] Baháʼís were portrayed as economic threats, and as supporters of Israel and the West, and societal hostility against the Baháʼís increased.[143][148]. Baháʼí communities gather at the beginning of each month at a meeting called a Feast for worship, consultation and socializing. [66], Baháʼís see the Báb as the forerunner of the Baháʼí Faith, because the Báb's writings introduced the concept of "He whom God shall make manifest", a Messianic figure whose coming, according to Baháʼís, was announced in the scriptures of all of the world's great religions, and whom Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, claimed to be. The Bahá'í faith is one of the youngest of the world's major religions. One of the goals of the Baha’i religion is the unity of all religions and the preservation of all that is good from all world religions. The Baha'i faith is an independent world religion that originated in Persia (now Iran) in the middle of the 19th century. The former consists of two five-pointed stars interspersed with a stylized Baháʼ whose shape is meant to recall the three onenesses,[125] while the latter is a calligraphic rendering of the phrase Yá Baháʼu'l-Abhá (يا بهاء الأبهى "O Glory of the Most Glorious!"). Worldwide in 1979 there were 129 officially recognized Baháʼí socio-economic development projects. [64] Under the leadership of his son, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, the religion gained a footing in Europe and America, and was consolidated in Iran, where it still suffers intense persecution. [67][73] In his Will, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá appointed Shoghi Effendi, his eldest grandson, as the first Guardian of the Baháʼí Faith. [11] The religion is estimated to have over five million adherents, known as Baháʼís, spread throughout most of the world's countries and territories.[12]. These days commemorate important anniversaries in the history of the religion.[123]. The Bahá'í Faith is the youngest of the world's independent religions. The beliefs of the Baha’i faith are a mixture of many religions. [167] These accusations against the Baháʼís have no basis in historical fact,[168][148][169] and the accusations are used by the Iranian government to use the Baháʼís as "scapegoats". Bahá'ís believe there is one God and that all the universe and creation belong to him; God is omnipotent, perfect and has complete knowledge of life “He restates in every age God's purpose and will. Some measure of divine guidance is assumed for all of these texts. Islam and the Bahá'í Faith, An Introduction to the Bahá'í Faith for Muslims. [94] The World Christian Encyclopedia estimated 7.1 million Baháʼís in the world in 2000, representing 218 countries,[95] and 7.3 million in 2010[96] with the same source. He spent less than four months in Constantinople. [133] By 2017 there were an estimated 40,000 small scale projects, 1,400 sustained projects, and 135 Baháʼí inspired organizations. [25] From the time of the initial exile from Iran, tensions grew between him and Subh-i-Azal, the appointed leader of the Bábís, who did not recognize Baháʼu'lláh's claim. [28], Each of the 19 months is given a name which is an attribute of God; some examples include Baháʼ (Splendour), ʻIlm (Knowledge), and Jamál (Beauty). Letters written by Baháʼu'lláh to various people, including some heads of state, have been collected and assembled into a canon of Baháʼí scripture. Elimination of extremes of wealth and poverty, Baháʼís over the age of 15 should individually recite an. [25] He unexpectedly died after a brief illness on 4 November 1957, in London, England, under conditions that did not allow for a successor to be appointed. Bahá’í beliefs address such essential themes as the oneness of God and religion, the oneness of humanity and freedom from prejudice, the inherent nobility of the human being, the progressive revelation of religious truth, the development of spiritual qualities, the integration of worship and service, the fundamental equality of the sexes, the harmony between religion and science, the centrality of justice … [25] The Baháʼí teachings state that the unification of humanity is the paramount issue in the religious and political conditions of the present world. [130], The religion entered a new phase of activity when a message of the Universal House of Justice dated 20 October 1983 was released. [82], The House of Justice directs the work of the Baháʼí community through a series of multi-year international plans that began with a nine-year plan in 1964. [71] During the period in Adrianople, he began declaring his mission as a Messenger of God in letters to the world's religious and secular rulers, including Pope Pius IX, Napoleon III, and Queen Victoria. Bahá'í­ at a glance. The Bahá'í Faith is monotheistic, believing in one, all-powerful creator God. What Bahá'ís Believe Central tenets of the Bahá'í Faith, based on the questions in the Belief-O-Matic quiz. Obedience to government and non-involvement in partisan politics. There are about six million Bahá'ís in more than 200 countries and territories around the world. ISBN 0853983844; Momen, Moojan. The Baháʼí Faith has also undertaken joint development programs with various other United Nations agencies. It is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the world. He produced over 18,000 works in his lifetime, in both Arabic and Persian, of which only 8% have been translated into English. [39][40] Baháʼís describe their faith as an independent world religion, differing from the other traditions in its relative age and in the appropriateness of Baháʼu'lláh's teachings to the modern context. (2005). From a Bahá’í viewpoint, true health extends beyond the physical. Bahá'í at a glance; Beliefs. According to The World Almanac and Book of Facts 2004: The majority of Baháʼís live in Asia (3.6 million), Africa (1.8 million), and Latin America (900,000). The Bahá’í Faith is a world religion based on the teachings of Bahá’u’lláh. [115], Baháʼís intending to marry are asked to obtain a thorough understanding of the other's character before deciding to marry. God There is one God, no Trinity. [162] In March 2011 the sentences were reinstated to the original 20 years. A fundamental belief of the Baha’i faith is that all peoples and religions will unite into one – the Baha’i religion. Islam and the Bahá'í Faith, An Introduction to the Bahá'í Faith for Muslims. For reference to a particular belief, please reference our articles dealing with specific beliefs within the Baha’i faith. The faith was proclaimed by a young Iranian, who called himself The Báb. [166] The Iranian government also accuses the Baháʼí Faith of being associated with Zionism. The following are a few examples from Baháʼu'lláh's teachings on personal conduct that are required or encouraged of his followers: The following are a few examples from Baháʼu'lláh's teachings on personal conduct that are prohibited or discouraged. [28] The importance of self-exertion and service to humanity in one's spiritual life is emphasised further in Baháʼu'lláh's writings, where he states that work done in the spirit of service to humanity enjoys a rank equal to that of prayer and worship in the sight of God. 2, United Nations Development Fund for Women, United Nations Economic and Social Council, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Political Non-involvement and Obedience to Government – A compilation of some of the Messages of the Guardian and the Universal House of Justice, Principles of the Baháʼí Faith & 26 March 2006, Universal House of Justice & September 2002, "Shoghi Effendi, 61, Baha'i Faith Leader", Universal House of Justice & 17 January 2003, Universal House of Justice & 21 April 2010, Association of Religion Data Archives 2010, International Federation of Human Rights & August 2003, "Lights of Guidance/Administrative Rights, Sanctions, Dissimulation - Bahaiworks, a library of works about the Bahá'í Faith", Baháʼí Office of Social and Economic Development 2018, Baháʼí International Community & 6 June 2000, Baháʼí World News Service & 8 September 2000, International Religious Freedom Report 2013, Ominous wave of Yemen arrests raises alarm, Archives of Bahá'í Persecution in Iran: Historical Overview, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2007, Netherlands Institute of Human Rights & 8 March 2006, "Woman Expelled From Iranian University Just Before Obtaining Degree Because She's Baha'i", Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2008b, Iran Human Rights Documentation Center 2008, Baháʼí World News Service & 17 April 2009, Baháʼí World News Service & 14 August 2009, "History of Baháʼí Educational Efforts in Iran", "The eschatology of Globalization: The multiple-messiahship of Bahā'u'llāh revisited", "Global Religious Populations, 1910–2010", "Worldwide Adherents of All Religions by Six Continental Areas, Mid-2010", https://www.amazon.com/World-Christian-Encyclopedia-Comparative-D/dp/0195724356, "Global statistics for all religions: 2001 AD", "The Specter of Ideological Genocide: The Baháʼís of Iran", "Estimating the Religious Composition of All Nations: An Empirical Assessment of the World Christian Database", Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, "Education of women and socio-economic development", "Conspiracies and Forgeries: the attack upon the Baha'i community in Iran", "The Baha'i Faith 1957–1988: A Survey of Contemporary Developments", "Numbers and Classifications of Sacred Writings & Texts", "The Economist explains: The Bahai faith", "History of Active Cooperation with the United Nations", "First identification cards issued to Egyptian Baháʼís using a "dash" instead of religion", "Egypt officially changes rules for ID cards", "Plans to build new Houses of Worship announced", "Trial underway for Baha'i leaders in Iran", "Sentences for Iran's Baha'i leaders reportedly reduced", "A Trial in Tehran: Their Only 'Crime' – Their Faith", "IHRDC Condemns the Arrest of Leading Baháʼís", "Court sentences leaders of Bahai faith to 20 years in prison", "Iran Baha'i Leaders Scheduled in Court on Election Anniversary", "Date set for second court session for seven Baha'is in Iran", "Nine-Pointed Star, The:History and Symbolism by Universal House of Justice 1999-01-24", "Baháʼí United Nations Representative Addresses World Leaders at the Millennium Summit", "Dismay at lack of human rights resolution on Iran as persecution worsens", "The List: The World's Fastest-Growing Religions", "Discrimination against religious minorities in Iran", "International Religious Freedom Report for 2013", "A Faith Denied: The Persecution of the Baha'is of Iran", "For the Betterment of the World: The Worldwide Baháʼí Community's Approach to Social and Economic Development", "Special Rapporteur on Freedom of religion or belief concerned about treatment of followers of Baháʼí Faith in Iran", "A Discussion with Farida Vahedi, Executive Director of the Department of External Affairs, National Spiritual Assembly of the Baháʼís of India", The Bahá'ís: Contributing to an Emerging Global Civilization, New religious movements and right wing politics, INFORM (Information Network Focus on Religious Movements), Academic study of new religious movements, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baháʼí_Faith&oldid=1001444295, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Báb declares his mission in Shiraz, Iran, The Báb is publicly executed in Tabriz, Iran, Baháʼu'lláh is imprisoned and forced into exile. The writings of the Báb and Baháʼu'lláh are considered as divine revelation, the writings and talks of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá and the writings of Shoghi Effendi as authoritative interpretation, and those of the Universal House of Justice as authoritative legislation and elucidation. At the heart of Baháʼí teachings is the goal of a unified world order that ensures the prosperity of all nations, races, creeds, and classes.[13][14]. [12] Additionally, Baháʼís have self-organized in most of the nations of the world. [176], This article is about the global religious community. After receiving chastising letters from Baháʼu'lláh, Ottoman authorities turned against him and put him under house arrest in Adrianople (now Edirne), where he remained for four years, until a royal decree of 1868 banished all Bábís to either Cyprus or ʻAkká. Other principles that will bring about universal peace, as listed on their website, are equality between men and women, harmony between religion and science, a universal … Currently, no country has a Baháʼí majority.[108]. Bahá’í beliefs address such essential themes as the oneness of God and religion, the oneness of humanity and freedom from prejudice, the inherent nobility of the human being, the progressive revelation of religious truth, the development of spiritual qualities, the integration of worship and service, the fundamental equality of the sexes, the harmony between religion and science, the centrality of justice to all human endeavours, the importance of education, and the dynamics of the relationships that are to bind together individuals, communities, and institutions as humanity advances towards its collective maturity. For more than fifty years, the Bahá’í Faith has been part of the Guam community quietly attracting members from the island’s diverse population. A summary of the main Bahá’í beliefs is set out in the collected talks which ‘Abdu’l-Bahá gave in the USA. Baháʼís regard his resting place at Bahjí as the Qiblih to which they turn in prayer each day.[70]. [161] After the sentence, they were transferred to Gohardasht prison. The Baha'i: The Religious Construction of a Global Identity. [11] His followers were therefore known as Bábís. [citation needed] Religious history is interpreted as a series of dispensations, where each manifestation brings a somewhat broader and more advanced revelation that is rendered as a text of scripture and passed on through history with greater or lesser reliability but at least true in substance,[33] suited for the time and place in which it was expressed. According to a US panel, attacks on Baháʼís in Iran increased under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's presidency. Although the Baháʼí teachings have a strong emphasis on social and ethical issues, a number of foundational texts have been described as mystical. [152][153] The United Nations Commission on Human Rights revealed an October 2005 confidential letter from Command Headquarters of the Armed Forces of Iran ordering its members to identify Baháʼís and to monitor their activities. Shoghi Effendi served for 36 years as the head of the religion until his death. [c], The older term "Bahaʼism" (or "Bahaism") is still used,[16][17][18][19][20] for example as a variant of "Bahai Faith" by the US Library of Congress,[21] but it is now less common[22] and the Baháʼí community prefers "Baháʼí Faith". [170] In fact it was the Iranian leader Naser al-Din Shah Qajar who banished Baháʼu'lláh from Iran to the Ottoman Empire and Baháʼu'lláh was later exiled by the Ottoman Sultan, at the behest of the Iranian Shah, to territories further away from Iran and finally to Acre in Syria, which only a century later was incorporated into the state of Israel. Due to these actions, the Special Rapporteur of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights stated on 20 March 2006, that she "also expresses concern that the information gained as a result of such monitoring will be used as a basis for the increased persecution of, and discrimination against, members of the Baháʼí faith, in violation of international standards. Bahá'í Beliefs on Death and Dying The Bahá'í faith posits three layers of existence: the concealed secret of the Divine Oneness; the intermediary world of spiritual reality; and the world of physical realty ("the world of possibility"). "[115], Baháʼu'lláh prohibited a mendicant and ascetic lifestyle. [128], Since its inception the Baháʼí Faith has had involvement in socio-economic development beginning by giving greater freedom to women,[130] promulgating the promotion of female education as a priority concern,[131] and that involvement was given practical expression by creating schools, agricultural co-ops, and clinics. The Lesser Covenant is viewed as an agreement between a Messenger of God and his followers and includes social practices and the continuation of authority in the religion. It is one of the most visited tourist attractions in the world. Throughout the rest of his life Baháʼu'lláh gained the allegiance of most of the Bábís, who came to be known as Baháʼís. All Baháʼí community properties, including Baháʼí centers, libraries, and cemeteries, have been confiscated by the government and fatwas have been issued charging Baháʼís with apostasy. [165] However, the government has never produced convincing evidence supporting its characterization of the Baháʼí community. The Baha’i Faith is a worldwide religion based on the teachings of Baha’u’llah (1817-1892). This includes works by his son ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, and the Báb, who is regarded as Baháʼu'lláh's forerunner. 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