The end of free movement rights after the UK leaves the EU means that citizens of other EU countries will no longer be entitled to access the UK labour market or to be self-employed, except where UK immigration rules allow. Added 'Statistics relating to Covid-19 and the immigration system, May 2020'. LTIM estimates from the UK’s Office for National Statistics (ONS) are based mainly on the International Passenger Survey (IPS). Immigration to Europe has a long history, but increased substantially in the later 20th century. Figure 1: Non-EU net migration since 1991 (ONS). EU citizens also have low naturalisation rates compared to non-EU citizens. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Data related to immigrants are disaggregated by age group; sex; citizenship; country of previous residence and level of human development of the country (of birth and previous usual residence). The number of EU-born migrants estimated to be living in the UK increased steadily from 2004 to 2017 before levelling off (Figure 1). A person who applies for a NINo may already have been living in the UK for some time. How many EU migrants are there in the UK? Moreover, data on non-UK citizens also include many UK-born children of migrants who have themselves never migrated. Non-British population in United Kingdom (UK) 2019, by nationality Number of EU nationals in the United Kingdom 2019 Number of UK citizens living in EU countries 2018 Some people are excluded, such as residents of communal establishments like hostels, and other groups may be undercounted due to survey non-response. Migrants News. This briefing provides key statistics on EU migrants and migration in the UK. Key Points Net migration to the UK, the difference between immigration and emigration, was estimated to be 270,000 in 2019, down from a peak of 331,000 in the year ending March 2015. However, it is usually still the preferred definition when using data on the migrant population, and especially change in the population over time. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, September 2019'. Updated 'Monthly asylum application tables' and 'Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers'. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562201410'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='577px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); These recent revisions affected estimates of immigration from EU-8 countries, and other EU immigration has not yet been revised and so may not be directly comparable. Number of EU nationals in the United Kingdom 2019. For both EU and non-EU citizens, more people come to the UK than leave the UK, meaning both groups have contributed to the increase in net migration. Updated 'Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2016'. Added 'Migrant journey: fifth report', 'Migrant journey: fifth report: data tables' and 'Migrant journey: user guide'. 1. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Statistics relating to passenger arrivals since the COVID-19 outbreak, November 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, September 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2020 second edition, Fifth report on statistics relating to exit checks, Statistics relating to passenger arrivals since the COVID-19 outbreak, August 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, June 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2020, Statistics relating to Covid-19 and the immigration system, May 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, February 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, January 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, November 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, October 2019, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, September 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, September 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, August 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, June 2019, Fourth report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, July 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, June 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019, Immigration Statistics, year ending December 2018, Immigration Statistics, year ending September 2018, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018, Third report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2016, Immigration statistics, October to December 2017 second edition, Immigration statistics, July to September 2017, Asylum claims on the basis of sexual orientation, Immigration statistics, April to June 2017, Second report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, January to March 2017, Immigration statistics, October to December 2016, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015, Immigration statistics, July to September 2016, Immigration statistics, April to June 2016, A report on the statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, January to March 2016, Immigration statistics, October to December 2015, Immigration statistics, July to September 2015, Immigration statistics, April to June 2015, Immigration statistics, January to March 2015, Immigration statistics, October to December 2014, Immigration statistics, July to September 2014, Immigration statistics, April to June 2014 second edition, Immigration statistics, January to March 2014, Immigration statistics, October to December 2013, Immigration statistics, July to September 2013, Immigration statistics, April to June 2013, Immigration statistics, July to September 2012, Immigration Statistics, January to March 2013, Immigration Statistics: October to December 2012, Foreign National Offenders in detention and leaving detention, Immigration statistics, April to June 2012 (third edition), Immigration statistics, January to March 2012, Immigration statistics October to December 2011, Immigration statistics July to September 2011, Immigration statistics April to June 2011, Immigration and asylum appeals allowed under articles 3 and 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary first quarter 2011, Certificates of sponsorship: Tier 2 (general), Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary fourth quarter 2010, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary third quarter 2010, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary second quarter 2010, Control of Immigration: statistics United Kingdom 2009, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary first quarter 2010, British Citizenship Statistics United Kingdom, 2009, British citizenship statistics United Kingdom, 2008, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending September 2020, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending June 2020, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending March 2020 second edition, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending December 2019, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending September 2019, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending June 2019 second edition, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending December 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2017: data tables second edition, Immigration Statistics, July to September 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, January to March 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2016: data tables, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, January to March 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2015: data tables, Migrant journey: sixth report: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2015: data tables, Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers, Immigration statistics, January to March 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2014: data tables, Migrant journey: fifth report: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2014: data tables, Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics: April to June 2014’, Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics, January to March 2014’, Tables for 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2013', Tables for 'Immigration statistics, July to September 2013', Tables for 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2013', Extensions of stay by previous category: tables, Tables for 'Immigration Statistics, January to March 2013', Tables for 'Immigration Statistics October to December 2012', Tables for 'Immigration Statistics, July to September 2012', Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics: April to June 2012’, Tables for 'Immigration statistics: January to March 2012', Tables for 'Immigration statistics: October to December 2011', Tables: immigration statistics, July to September 2011, Tables: Immigration Statistics April to June 2011, Immigration statistical summary 1999-2008, Home Office immigration statistics: user guide, Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline, Home Office EU Settlement Scheme statistics: user guide, Home Office statistics on exit checks: user guide, Glossary of terms: control of immigration statistical publications, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases. There are various reasons for this, including differences in how data sources define migrants; known uncertainty in the estimates, which come with margins of error; and unknown sources of error, such as that arising from the fact that not everyone agrees to participate in official surveys. Government’s immigration target still not met after rise in immigration from outside EU Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, August 2019'. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, March 2020', updated 'Home Office EU Settlement Scheme statistics: user guide'. The most recent data that this briefing presents is for 2019, which does not therefore show the impact of Covid-19 upon EU migration to and from the UK. In 2019, just under half of EU-born migrants living in the UK were from EU-14 countries. In part, this will be because the overall EUSS figures include (1) people who had left the UK but could still apply to the scheme to preserve their right to return, and (2) applicants who reapplied to update their status from pre-settled status to settled status, who are counted twice. Added 'Immigration statistics, July to September 2017', 'Immigration Statistics, July to September 2017: data tables' and 'Asylum claims on the basis of sexual orientation', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. Updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide', 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline' and 'Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: user guide'. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending September 2019', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide'. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, November 2019' and 'Home Office EU Settlement Scheme statistics: user guide'. For more information about the labour market position of EU-born workers, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Migrants in the UK Labour Market: An Overview. NiNo statistics cannot be directly compared to estimates of long-term international migration (LTIM), primarily because they include short-term migrants, while LTIM statistics include only people intending to move into the UK for at least a year. There were also increas… Migration flows: Immigration to the EU-27 from non-member countries was 2.4 million in 2018 A total of 3.9 million peopleimmigratedto one of theEU-27Member States during 2018, while 2.6 million emigrantswerereportedtohaveleftanEU-27MemberState. Added ‘Migrant journey: sixth report’, ’Migrant journey: sixth report: data tables’ and updated ‘User Guide to the Home Office Migrant Journey’. EU migration has declined between 2016 and 2018, following peak levels of over 200,000 in 2015 and early 2016. Check how the new Brexit rules affect you. In the first quarter of 2020, around 715,000 people moved to the UK, while 403,000 left, according to an Office for National Statistics (ONS) report published on Thursday. However, defining migrants as the foreign-born has the compensatory benefit of including people who have come to the UK and naturalised. Added 'Immigration statistics, January to March 2016' and 'Immigration statistics, January to March 2016: data tables', updated 'User Guide to Home Office Immigration Statistics' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. Long-term arrivals of EU citizens planning to spend at least 12 months in the UK fell by 34% over the same period, reaching 198,000 in 2019. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. For more information on work-related migration, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Work Visas and Migrant Workers in the UK. On 1 January 2021, a new ‘Australian-style’ points-based immigration system will be introduced. Added ‘Immigration statistics, October to December 2016’ and ‘Immigration statistics, October to December 2016: data tables’, updated ‘Home Office immigration statistics: user guide’. European Union immigration statistics for 2005 was 36,780,404.00, a 24.25% increase from 2000. EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics to September 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2020 and Statistics relating to passenger arrivals since the COVID-19 outbreak, November 2020 published. Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. The EU-born thus made up 38% of the migrant population in 2019, up from 29% in 2000. var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562158717'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='577px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); In 2019, an estimated 3,715,000 EU citizens were living in the UK, including children born in the UK (Figure 2). As figure 1 below shows, non-EU net migration has risen from 89,000 in 1997 to 214,000 in 2018. Added 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2017', 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2017: data tables', 'Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2016' and 'Developments in migration statistics since 2010'. Added ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015’ and ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015: data tables', ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: user guide’ replaces 'Migrant journey: user guide'. This is because migrants who acquire UK citizenship are excluded from data on the non-UK citizen population, and rates of naturalisation vary significantly depending on migrants’ country of origin. This means that small differences between numbers or percentages may not be statistically significant. Share has decreased from 84 % in 2000 fill in the briefing are statistically significant when probability. Take up a definite job rather than to look for work is survey... 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